Pediatric Ophthalmology Consultants

Progressive (High) Myopia

Myopia (“near-sightedness”) is a condition in which the optical system of the eye causes incoming light rays to focus in front of the retina, instead of focusing directly on the retinal surface. Various factors can cause this abnormal focus of light rays, including abnormalities of the lens or cornea, or by an eye that is […]


Photoscreeningis a form of pediatric vision screening that uses a special-purpose camera to look for focusing problems that could indicate a child is not seeing well with one or both eyes and might need glasses.  It is an alternative to a standard vision test with an eye chart and is most often used in young […]

Pediatric Ophthalmologist

A pediatric ophthalmologist is a medical and surgical doctor (an Eye MD) who graduated from medical school and specializes in the care of children’s eyes.  All ophthalmologists have training in children’s eye disorders, but the pediatric ophthalmologist has additional training, experience, and expertise in examining children, and has the greatest knowledge of possible conditions that […]

Pediatric Ocular Trauma

What causes eye injuries? Injuries to the eye and surrounding structures can be caused by blunt trauma from a ball or fist, sharp trauma such as a stick or projectile, or chemical trauma such as splash from a caustic substance like a cleaning material or pool supplies. Which part of the eye can be injured? […]

Pediatric Low Vision

What is Low Vision? Partial vision loss that cannot be corrected causes a vision impairment known as low vision.  A person with low vision has decreased vision (usually defined as 20/70 or less), a decreased field of vision (peripheral vision), or both.  People with low vision are not blind and usually retain some useful vision.  […]

Patching Tips for Parents

When is patching is recommended? Patching is recommended when children are diagnosed with amblyopia or lazy eye. It works by occluding the eye with normal vision so that the vision in the poorer seeing amblyopic eye improves. What kind of patch should be used? An eye patch with adhesive on the back is best. It […]

Orthoptist/ Orthoptics

What is a certified orthoptist? A certified orthoptist is an allied health professional uniquely trained to evaluate and manage childhood and adult eye movement abnormalities.   What is the training of an orthoptist? Orthoptists study 2 years in an accredited program after obtaining a baccalaureate degree. Certification requires passage of written and practical examinations administered […]

Optic Neuritis

What is optic neuritis? Optic neuritis is inflammation of the optic nerve [See figure 1]. As the photo demonstrates, the optic nerve becomes swollen and the blood vessels become larger.  This inflammation can cause loss of vision because the optic nerve is crucial for vision.  It is the structure that carries visual information from the […]

Optic Nerve Pit

What is optic nerve pit? An optic nerve pit is a small pocket adjacent to the optic nerve. A minute amount of the tissue of the retina protrudes backwards through that defect. This is a condition that he child is born with. It usually occurs in one eye only, however in 15% of children it […]

Optic Nerve Hypoplasia

What is the optic nerve? The optic nerve is a collection of more than a million nerve fibers that transmit visual signals from the eye to the brain [See Figure 1]. The optic nerve develops the first trimester of intrauterine life. What is optic nerve hypoplasia? Optic nerve hypoplasia (ONH) is a congenital condition in […]


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