Pediatric Ophthalmology Consultants


CureSight™ is a new digital system to treat Amblyopia (Lazy Eye). CureSight™ is an FDA cleared eye-tracking digital system designed to treat amblyopia (lazy eye) from the comfort of your home. Designed for children ages 4 to 9 years old. CureSight™ is an alternative treatment to patching or eye drops to treat amblyopia or lazy […]

Difference between an Ophthalmologist, Optometrist and Optician

Your sight depends on seeing the right eye doctor at the right time. When it’s time to “get your eyes checked,” make sure you are seeing the right eye care professional for your needs. Ophthalmologists, optometrists and opticians each play an important role in providing eye care to consumers. But the levels of training and […]

Dilating Eye Drops

What are dilating eye drops?                                   Dilating eye drops contain medication to enlarge (dilate) the pupil of the eye. There are two types of drops: one type stimulates contraction of the muscles that enlarge the pupil (such as phenylephrine); the other type relaxes the muscles that make the pupil […]

Down Syndrome

What causes Down syndrome? Down syndrome is caused by a duplication of all or part of chromosome 21, making three copies of the chromosome rather than the usual two copies. Down syndrome is called Ttrisomy 21trisomy 21TTrisomy 21. The extra genetic material leads to certain physical changes in persons with Down syndrome. How common is […]

Eye Safety

Where do most eye injuries occur? An eye injury can occur at any time, in any place. Adequate prevention is important and could probably eliminate most eye injuries. Close to 50% of injuries occur during sports and recreational activities–more often in children and teens than any other age group. What kind of toys can cause […]

Glasses Fitting for Children

What type of lenses should be used? Polycarbonate (shatter proof) lenses are the ONLY type of lenses that should be prescribed to children unless your physician tells you differently.  Polycarbonate lenses have built in U.V. protection to block harmful rays from the sun, they are light in weight and work well with strong prescriptions, and […]

Glasses for Children

Why does a child need glasses? Children may need glasses for several reasons—some of which are different than for adults. Because a child’s visual system is growing and developing, especially during the first 5-6 years of life, glasses may play an important role in ensuring normal development of vision. The main reasons a child may […]

Headaches in Children

Why do children get headaches? Headaches in children are common and usually not serious.  Causes include migraines, stress and tension headaches, trauma, sinus disease, and eye problems.  Certain foods with nitrate preservatives and MSG (monosodium glutamate) can trigger headaches.  Brain tumors in children as a cause for headaches are extremely rare, and are usually associated […]

In case on an emergency

CALL NOW Eye emergencies  (Source: Nicklaus children’s Hospital) Definition Eye emergencies include cuts, scratches, objects in the eye, burns, chemical exposure, and blunt injuries to the eye or eyelid. Certain eye infections and other medical conditions, such as blood clots or glaucoma, may also need prompt medical care. Since the eye is easily damaged, any of […]

Ocular Injury

What causes eye injuries? Injuries to the eye and surrounding structures can be caused by blunt trauma from sport balls, fists, or airsoft/pellet/paintball guns; sharp trauma such as a stick, projectiles or knives; or chemical trauma such as splash from a caustic substance like a cleaning material or pool supplies.  Safety glasses should be worn […]

Orthoptist/ Orthoptics

What is a certified orthoptist? A certified orthoptist is an allied health professional uniquely trained to evaluate and manage childhood and adult eye movement abnormalities.   What is the training of an orthoptist? Orthoptists study 2 years in an accredited program after obtaining a baccalaureate degree. Certification requires passage of written and practical examinations administered […]

Patching Tips for Parents

When is patching is recommended? Patching is recommended when children are diagnosed with amblyopia or lazy eye. It works by occluding the eye with normal vision so that the vision in the poorer seeing amblyopic eye improves. What kind of patch should be used? An eye patch with adhesive on the back is best. It […]

Pediatric Low Vision

What is Low Vision? Partial vision loss that cannot be corrected causes a vision impairment known as low vision.  A person with low vision has decreased vision (usually defined as 20/70 or less), a decreased field of vision (peripheral vision), or both.  People with low vision are not blind and usually retain some useful vision.  […]

Pediatric Ocular Trauma

What causes eye injuries? Injuries to the eye and surrounding structures can be caused by blunt trauma from a ball or fist, sharp trauma such as a stick or projectile, or chemical trauma such as splash from a caustic substance like a cleaning material or pool supplies. Which part of the eye can be injured? […]

Pediatric Ophthalmologist

A pediatric ophthalmologist is a medical and surgical doctor (an Eye MD) who graduated from medical school and specializes in the care of children’s eyes.  All ophthalmologists have training in children’s eye disorders, but the pediatric ophthalmologist has additional training, experience, and expertise in examining children, and has the greatest knowledge of possible conditions that […]

Pediatric Ophthalmology in the News

Please view this news video and news article from, featuring Dr. Warman, about common adult eye diseases, also found in children. Dr. Warman was recently interviewed by Doral Family Journal for this journal article about the prevention and early detection of eye diseases in children. El Nuevo Herald recently posted this news article, featuring […]


Photoscreeningis a form of pediatric vision screening that uses a special-purpose camera to look for focusing problems that could indicate a child is not seeing well with one or both eyes and might need glasses.  It is an alternative to a standard vision test with an eye chart and is most often used in young […]


What is pseudostrabismus? Strabismus is the medical term for any eye misalignment. Pseudostrabismus refers to a false appearance of strabismus caused by an optical illusion.\ Why do some children’s eyes look crossed?                    The skin folds at the inner corner of the eyelids are called epicanthal folds […]


What is retinoscopy? Retinoscopy (also called skiascopy) is a technique to objectively determine the refractive error of the eye (farsighted, nearsighted, astigmatism) and the need for glasses. The test can be quick, easy, reliably accurate and requires minimal cooperation from the patient. How is it performed?               A hand […]

Strabismus Surgery

What is strabismus surgery? Strabismus surgery loosens or tightens eye muscles, which changes the alignment of the eyes relative to each other. What kind of anesthesia is used for strabismus surgery? The type of anesthesia depends on patient age and health as well as patient preference. Most children undergo general anesthesia. Adults may have general […]

Treatment for Progressive Myopia

During childhood, myopia is typically treated with glasses or contact lenses.  Refractive surgery, such as LASIK, is typically used in adults once the refractive error has stabilized.  In progressive myopia, the near-sightedness often begins in early childhood, and worsens through adolescence. Many patients and families inquire about why progressive myopia occurs and want to know […]

Vision Screening

What is vision screening? Vision screening is an efficient and cost-effective method to identify children with visual impairment or eye conditions that are likely to lead to vision loss   so that a referral can be made to an appropriate eye care professional for further evaluation and treatment How is vision screening performed? There are a […]

Vision Therapy

What is vision therapy? “Vision therapy” is a term used by optometrists. Optometrists define vision therapy as an attempt to develop or improve visual skills and abilities; improve visual comfort, ease, and efficiency; and change visual processing or interpretation of visual information. An optometric vision therapy program consists of supervised in-office and at home reinforcement […]


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