Pediatric Ophthalmology Consultants

Vision Therapy

What is vision therapy? “Vision therapy” is a term used by optometrists. Optometrists define vision therapy as an attempt to develop or improve visual skills and abilities; improve visual comfort, ease, and efficiency; and change visual processing or interpretation of visual information. An optometric vision therapy program consists of supervised in-office and at home reinforcement […]

Vision Screening

What is vision screening? Vision screening is an efficient and cost-effective method to identify children with visual impairment or eye conditions that are likely to lead to vision loss   so that a referral can be made to an appropriate eye care professional for further evaluation and treatment How is vision screening performed? There are a […]

Treatment for Progressive Myopia

During childhood, myopia is typically treated with glasses or contact lenses.  Refractive surgery, such as LASIK, is typically used in adults once the refractive error has stabilized.  In progressive myopia, the near-sightedness often begins in early childhood, and worsens through adolescence. Many patients and families inquire about why progressive myopia occurs and want to know […]

Strabismus Surgery

What is strabismus surgery? Strabismus surgery loosens or tightens eye muscles, which changes the alignment of the eyes relative to each other. What kind of anesthesia is used for strabismus surgery? The type of anesthesia depends on patient age and health as well as patient preference. Most children undergo general anesthesia. Adults may have general […]


What is retinoscopy? Retinoscopy (also called skiascopy) is a technique to objectively determine the refractive error of the eye (farsighted, nearsighted, astigmatism) and the need for glasses. The test can be quick, easy, reliably accurate and requires minimal cooperation from the patient. How is it performed?               A hand […]


What is pseudostrabismus? Strabismus is the medical term for any eye misalignment. Pseudostrabismus refers to a false appearance of strabismus caused by an optical illusion.\ Why do some children’s eyes look crossed?                    The skin folds at the inner corner of the eyelids are called epicanthal folds […]


Photoscreeningis a form of pediatric vision screening that uses a special-purpose camera to look for focusing problems that could indicate a child is not seeing well with one or both eyes and might need glasses.  It is an alternative to a standard vision test with an eye chart and is most often used in young […]

Pediatric Ophthalmologist

A pediatric ophthalmologist is a medical and surgical doctor (an Eye MD) who graduated from medical school and specializes in the care of children’s eyes.  All ophthalmologists have training in children’s eye disorders, but the pediatric ophthalmologist has additional training, experience, and expertise in examining children, and has the greatest knowledge of possible conditions that […]

Pediatric Ocular Trauma

What causes eye injuries? Injuries to the eye and surrounding structures can be caused by blunt trauma from a ball or fist, sharp trauma such as a stick or projectile, or chemical trauma such as splash from a caustic substance like a cleaning material or pool supplies. Which part of the eye can be injured? […]

Pediatric Low Vision

What is Low Vision? Partial vision loss that cannot be corrected causes a vision impairment known as low vision.  A person with low vision has decreased vision (usually defined as 20/70 or less), a decreased field of vision (peripheral vision), or both.  People with low vision are not blind and usually retain some useful vision.  […]


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