Pediatric Ophthalmology Consultants

1st visit to the ophthalmologist?

Learn all you need to know If you are here for your first child’s eye examination, you may have some questions or concerns about what is going to happen. We have extensive experience diagnosing and treating eye problems in children. Over the past 30 years, we have examined thousands of patients, including children with common […]

Abnormal Head Position

What is an abnormal head posture? An abnormal or compensatory head posture occurs when the head is deviated out of the normal primary straight head position. Abnormal head positions can include chin up, chin down, tilting of the head to the right or left, face turns to the right or left, or a combination of […]

Anesthesia for Children Having Eye Surgery

What kinds of anesthesia are available for children having eye surgery? There are two main types of anesthesia: local and general.  Local anesthesia consists of numbing the area around the site to be operated on by applying or injecting anesthetic agents.  For example, dentists use local anesthesia by injecting lidocaine in the area of the […]

Childrens Eye Health and Safety

Vision problems affect one in twenty preschoolers and one in four school-aged children. Since vision problems can begin at an early age, it is very important that children receive proper eye care. Untreated problems can worsen and lead to permanent vision loss and delayed development. Because it is possible for your child to have a […]

Corneal Abrasions

What is a corneal abrasion? A corneal abrasion is a scratch or cut on the outermost surface of the cornea, the epithelium. The cornea is the clear part on the front of the eye and has multiple layers, the most superficial one being the epithelium. The cornea covers the colored part of the eye (iris) […]

Excessive Blinking in Children

Why do we blink? Blinking is a normal reflex that protects the eye from dryness, bright light, and fingers or other objects coming towards it.  Blinking also regulates tears, which nourish and cleanse the surface of the eye  The blinking rate in newborns is only 2 times per minute.  This increases to 14-17 times per […]

Eye Injuries

You can treat many minor eye irritations by flushing the eye, but more serious injuries require medical attention. Injuries to the eye are the most common preventable cause of blindness; so when in doubt, on the side of caution call for help. Routine irritations (sand, dirt, and other “foreign bodies” on the eye surface) Do […]

Eye Safety for Children

Accidents resulting in eye injuries can happen to anyone. More than half of all eye injuries occur in people under the age of 25. Of the 100,000 eye injuries that occur annually, 40 percent occur during sports or recreational activities. In the 5 to 14 year old age group, baseball is the number one cause […]

Eye Surgery

The most common type of pediatric eye surgery performed is strabismus surgery for misalignment of the eyes. Other frequently performed procedures are for ptosis or droopy lids, lacrimal surgery traumatic and for congenital nasolacrimal obstruction, orbital cysts or dermoid and chalazia ( style ) and other oculoplastic interventions. Less frequently intraocular surgery for congenital and […]

Fireworks and Eye Injuries

Fireworks have a place in many of our patriotic and religious celebrations but every year someone, often a child, loses an eye or suffers a serious eye injury as a result of handling or being close to fireworks. Ideally, fireworks should be enjoyed by watching public displays but realistically individuals will probably continue to buy […]

Living with One Good Eye

After a loss of vision in one eye, a person can still live a full and productive life at whatever the age of the loss occurs. Children growing with only one good eye never know the difference and develop and learn along with their age groups. Older children or adults who suddenly lose vision in […]

Ocular Injury

What causes eye injuries? Injuries to the eye and surrounding structures can be caused by blunt trauma from sport balls, fists, or airsoft/pellet/paintball guns; sharp trauma such as a stick, projectiles or knives; or chemical trauma such as splash from a caustic substance like a cleaning material or pool supplies.  Safety glasses should be worn […]

Refractive Errors in Children

How does the eye focus light?               In order to see clearly, light rays from an object must focus onto the inner back layer of the eye [See figure 1]. The eye works like a camera.  It has an opening at the front (the pupil), a focusing mechanism (the […]

Shaken Baby Syndrome

What is shaken baby syndrome? Shaken baby syndrome (SBS), also known as abusive head trauma (AHT), is a diagnosis that may include a combination of findings including broken bones, skull fractures, brain bleeding and retinal hemorrhages. SBS occurs when a baby is shaken repeatedly, often by a frustrated caretaker in an effort to quiet an […]

Strabismus Measurements

How is strabismus measured? Eye misalignment or strabismus can be measured by several different methods.  The measurements help guide the surgical and medical management of strabismus. The age, vision, and level of cooperation of the patient determine which method is most accurate and feasible. What is light reflex testing? Light reflex testing (called Hirschberg testing) […]


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