The most common type of pediatric eye surgery performed is strabismus surgery for misalignment of the eyes. Other frequently performed procedures are for ptosis or droopy lids, lacrimal surgery traumatic and for congenital nasolacrimal obstruction, orbital cysts or dermoid and chalazia ( style ) and other oculoplastic interventions. Less frequently intraocular surgery for congenital and juvenile and traumatic cataracts, congenital and developmental glaucoma (increased intraocular pressure), exams under anesthesia laser and other retinal disease and ocular tumors.
Most pediatric eye surgery is performed under general anesthesia and is ambulatory in nature (going home the same day). Rarely does it require patching or placing a bandage on the eye and postoperative pain is minimal and easily manageable in most cases. Although a pre-operative clearance by primary care physician is recommended no special laboratory or blood tests are necessary. It is recommended it be performed with a pediatric anesthesiologist present particularly in circumstances where infants and children have other medical associated conditions.
Credits: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus